Texas Phoenix palm decline
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Texas Phoenix palm decline phytoplasma (TPPD) - (strain 16SrIV-D)
This phytoplasma has been originally described from Texas but in 2006 was also reported from Florida where it is called lethal bronzing disease. It is related to the coconut lethal yellowing phytoplasma (Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae, strain 16SrIV-A). However, it does not infect coconut palms but mainly palms from the genus Phoenix like the Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis). It has been also shown to infect sabal palm (Sabal palmetto) and the palm Syagrus romanzoffiana. Like the lethal yellowing phytoplasma, it is transmitted by the planthopper Haplaxius crudus.