Studies in Mycology (2006) 55, 35-52

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Marieka Gryzenhout, Henrietta Myburg, Charles S. Hodges, Brenda D. Wingfield and Michael J. Wingfield (2006)
Microthia, Holocryphia and Ursicollum, three new genera on Eucalyptus and Coccoloba for fungi previously known as Cryphonectria
Studies in Mycology 55, 35-52
Abstract: Cryphonectria havanensis is a fungus associated with Eucalyptus species in Cuba and Florida (U.S.A.). Until recently, there have been no living cultures of C. havanensis and it has thus not been possible to assess its taxonomic status. Isolates thought to represent this fungus have, however, emerged from surveys of Eucalyptus in Mexico and Hawaii (U.S.A.). Results of this study showed that these isolates represent C. havanensis but reside in a genus distinct from Cryphonectria sensu stricto, which is described here as Microthia. Isolates of an unidentified fungus occurring on Myrica faya in the Azores and Madeira also grouped in Microthia and were identical to other M. havanensis isolates. Cryphonectria coccolobae, a fungus occurring on sea grape (Coccoloba uvifera) in Bermuda and Florida, was found to be morphologically identical to Microthia and is transferred to this genus, but as a distinct species. Surveys for M. coccolobae on sea grape in Florida, yielded a second diaporthalean fungus from this host. This fungus is morphologically and phylogenetically distinct from M. coccolobae and other closely related taxa and is described as Ursicollum fallax gen. et sp. nov. Phylogenetic analyses in this study have also shown that isolates of C. eucalypti, a pathogen of Eucalyptus in South Africa and Australia, group in a clade separate from all other groups including that representing Cryphonectria sensu stricto. This difference is supported by the fact that Cryphonectria eucalypti has ascospore septation different to that of all other Cryphonectria species. A new genus, Holocryphia, is thus erected for C. eucalypti.
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Database assignments for author(s): Marieka Gryzenhout, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
identification/taxonomy


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Microthia havanensis Portugal (Madeira)
Microthia havanensis Portugal (Azores)
Microthia havanensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Cuba
Microthia havanensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Mexico
Microthia havanensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) U.S.A. (Hawaii)
Microthia havanensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) U.S.A. (SE)
Microthia coccolobae Coccoloba (crop) Bermuda Islands
Microthia coccolobae Coccoloba (crop) U.S.A. (SE)
Holocryphia eucalypti Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) South Africa
Holocryphia eucalypti Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Australia (Western)