Spiroplasma kunkelii

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corn stunt spiroplasma in phloem cells (thick section, 75,000X) (click on image to enlarge it)
Source: Wikimedia Commons
corn stunt symptoms (click on image to enlarge it)
Source: Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series - IPM Images

Spiroplasma kunkelii Whitcomb et al. 1986 (corn stunt spiroplasma)

This spiroplasma causes a serious disease of maize in North and Central America which is often characterized by chlorotic stripes, stunting and proliferating ears that do not mature. It is transmitted by the leafhopper Dalbulus maidis. In the disease corn stunt, this spiroplasma may be also associated with the maize bushy stunt phytoplasma and the Maize rayado fino virus.

Vernacular names
• English: corn stunt spiroplasma
• Español: espiroplasma del maíz