Salvia (weeds)

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Salvia officinalis (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Walther Otto Müller
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Salvia (weeds) L.

This is a large genus of plants with around 1,000 species. Many are used as ornamentals or medicinal herbs (in Latin: salvare = to heal). Salvia officinalis is also used for cooking. Some species are weedy and/or invasive alien plants. For example lanceleaf sage or mintweed (Salvia reflexa) is regarded as a weed of crops and pastures in several countries.

Salvia plants are herb or shrubs. The leaves are simple, sometimes with a serrated margin. The flowers have a fused upper and lower lip and are typically coloured blue, red or white.

Type species: Salvia officinalis

Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: