Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington (2017) 119, 191-214

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David R. Horton, Eugene Miliczky, Tamera M. Lewis, W. Rodney Cooper, Joseph E. Munyaneza, Tariq Mustafa, Jenita Thinakaran, Timothy D. Waters, Carrie H. Wohleb and Andrew S. Jensen (2017)
New geographic records for the nearctic psyllid Bactericera maculipennis (Crawford) with biological notes and descriptions of the egg and fifth-instar nymph (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Triozidae)
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 119 (2), 191-214
Abstract: The Nearctic psyllid Bactericera maculipennis (Crawford) (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Triozidae) is one of only five known species of Psylloidea worldwide whose host plants include species of Convolvulaceae (Solanales). Current checklists of North American Psylloidea report B. maculipennis only from California and Utah. Our surveys of field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae), an Old World plant introduced into North America, show that B. maculipennis is considerably more widespread than indicated by historical accounts. We update the psyllid's geographic range to include four states (Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Montana) not previously included in contemporary checklists. The egg and fifth instar nymph are described. We provide characters of the egg and nymph that distinguish this species from a congeneric species, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc), occasionally found on field bindweed. Photographs of the male and female terminalia are provided. Bactericera maculipennis developed successfully on field bindweed and on several species of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in laboratory assays. Overwintering females collected from leaf litter and dead or dormant stems of C. arvensis at locations in Central Washington mated and began to oviposit within 7 days of removal from the field, suggesting that B. maculipennis overwinters in a temperature-controlled quiescence rather than in a true reproductive diapause. Eggs and nymphs of B. maculipennis were found on stems of C. arvensis well into November in Central Washington, suggesting that this psyllid also may overwinter in pre-adult stages, as indicated by literature accounts from the 1940s and 1950s. Lastly, we propose that successful colonization of the invasive and exotic weed C. arvensis by B. maculipennis has allowed the psyllid to expand its geographic range well beyond historical boundaries. This conclusion is based upon the scarcity of native Convolvulaceae within regions in which the psyllid is newly recorded, combined with the now extensive distribution of the invasive C. arvensis in North America.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): David R. Horton, W. Rodney Cooper, Jenita Thinakaran

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Convolvulus arvensis (weed) U.S.A. (NW)
Bactericera maculipennis