Planta Daninha (2009) 27, 429-439

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R.L.C.M. Pitelli, A.S. Ferraudo, A.M.C.M. Pitelli, R.A. Pitelli and E.D. Velini (2009)
Utilização de análise multivariada e redes neurais artificiais na determinação do comportamento de colonização de populações de macrófitas aquáticas no reservatório de Santana
[Using multivariate statistics and artificial neural networks to determe the colonization behavior of aquatic macrophyte populations in Santana reservoir]
Planta Daninha 27 (3), 429-439
Abstract: Cluster analysis, principal components analysis and Kohonen artificial neural networks were tested to determine the behavior patterns of aquatic macrophyte colonization on Santana reservoir, Piraí-RJ, 2004. The colonization behavior of the populations was divided into two groups, representing the two year semesters. The principal components analysis showed that the behavior of the first group (first semester) was mainly influenced by S. montevidensis, Heteranthera reniformis, Ludwigia sp., Rhynchospora aurea, C. iria, C. ferax and Aeschynomene denticulate and the second group by Echinochloa polystachya, Polygonum lapathifolium, Alternanthera phyloxeroides, Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia azurea, Brachiaria arrecta and Oxyscarium cubense. The artificial neural networks (ANN) grouped the aquatic macrophyte populations into nine groups according to their colonization behavior during the year. The application of principal components analysis (PCA) on frequency values of the population determined by the artificial neural networks for the first three groups allowed to discriminate three groups of populations with different colonization behaviors. The application of artificial neural networks allowed a better discrimination of communities (months) and species colonization behavior than the application of PCA on raw data.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
(original language: Portuguese)
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Pistia stratiotes (weed) Brazil (south)
Polygonum lapathifolium (weed) Brazil (south)
Heteranthera reniformis (weed) Brazil (south)
Cyperus iria (weed) Brazil (south)
Alternanthera philoxeroides (weed) Brazil (south)
Eichhornia azurea (weed) Brazil (south)
Echinochloa polystachya (weed) Brazil (south)
Sagittaria montevidensis (weed) Brazil (south)
Brachiaria arrecta (weed) Brazil (south)