Plant Pathology (2022) 71, 1174-1184

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Dolors Villegas, Radhika Bartaula, Carlos Cantero-Martínez, Douglas Luster, Les Szabo, Pablo Olivera, Anna Berlin, Julian Rodriguez-Algaba, Mogens S. Hovmøller, Robert McIntosh and Yue Jin (2022)
Barberry plays an active role as an alternate host of Puccinia graminis in Spain
Plant Pathology 71 (5), 1174-1184
Abstract: Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis, is a destructive group of diseases. The pathogen uses Berberis species as alternate hosts to complete its life cycle. B. vulgaris and the endemic species B. hispanica and B. garciae are present in Spain. The objective of this study was to investigate the functionality of the indigenous barberry as alternate hosts. Field surveys were conducted in 2018 and 2019 in Huesca, Teruel and Albacete provinces of Spain. Aecial samples on barberry were analysed via infection assays and DNA analysis. B. garciae was predominant in Huesca and Teruel provinces, often found in the field margins of cereal crops. Aecial infections on B. garciae were observed in May and uredinial infections on cereal crops in June. Scattered B. hispanica bushes were occasionally found near cereal crops in Albacete, where aecial infections on B. hispanica were observed in June when most cereal crops were mature. Infection assays using aeciospores resulted in stem rust infections on susceptible genotypes of wheat, barley, rye and oat, indicating the presence of the sexual cycle for P. graminis f. sp. tritici, f. sp. secalis and f. sp. avenae. Sequence analyses from aecial samples supported this finding as well as the presence of Puccinia brachypodii. This study provides the first evidence that indigenous Berberis species play an active role in the sexual cycle of P. graminis under natural conditions in Spain.
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Database assignments for author(s): Anna Berlin

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Puccinia graminis Barley (Hordeum vulgare) Spain (continental)
Puccinia graminis Oat (Avena sativa) Spain (continental)
Puccinia graminis Rye (Secale cereale) Spain (continental)
Puccinia graminis Wheat (Triticum) Spain (continental)