Plant Pathology (2009) 58, 971-981

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R.N. Graça, A.C. Alfenas, L.A. Maffia, M. Titon, R.F. Alfenas, D. Lau and J.M.A. Rocabado (2009)
Factors influencing infection of eucalypts by Cylindrocladium pteridis
Plant Pathology 58 (5), 971-981
Abstract: The pattern of Cylindrocladium pteridis adhesion, germination and penetration in eucalypt leaves was assessed using scanning electron microscopy. The effects of inoculum concentration, leaf wetness period, plant age and branch position of cylindrocladium leaf blight and defoliation severity were assessed in greenhouse studies using two Eucalyptus grandis × E. urophylla hybrid clones. Penetration occurred through stomata, and there was no difference in the number of penetrations between young and old leaves. Percentage leaf area with lesions and defoliation increased with the increase in inoculum concentration (1 × 102 to 105 conidia mL-1), duration of leaf wetness period (6 to 48 h) and plant age (60 to 180 days). Branch position in plants also significantly affected the percentage leaf area with lesions and defoliation, the latter variable being significantly higher at the stem base. The highest values of lesion area were also observed on leaves at the stem base in both clones. The Pearson correlation between defoliation and leaf area with lesions was significant in all experiments (r > 0·9) indicating a high association between these two variables.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Acelino C. Alfenas, Luiz A. Maffia

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Calonectria pteridis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus)