Plant Disease (2021) 105, 727-738

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Stephanie Preising, Darlan Ferreira Borges, Márcia Michelle de Queiroz Ambrósio and Washington Luís da Silva (2021)
A fig deal: A global look at fig mosaic disease and its putative associates
Plant Disease 105 (4), 727-738
Abstract: Fig mosaic disease (FMD) is a complex viral disease with which 12 viruses, including a confirmed causal agent, fig mosaic emaravirus (FMV), and three viroids are associated worldwide. FMD was first described in California in the early 1930s. Symptoms include foliar chlorosis, deformation, and mosaic patterns. FMD is disseminated by vegetative propagation, seed transmission, and vectors, including a mite, Aceria ficus. Management of the disease in fig orchards relies on scouting and elimination of infected trees. In this review, we focus on the distribution of the FMD-associated viruses and viroids by summarizing worldwide surveys and their genome structure. We also determined the full-length sequence of FMV and fig badnavirus 1 (FBV-1) isolates from Connecticut and compared the virus and viroid sequences from fig isolates. We suggest important areas of research including determining the potential synergistic effect of multiple viruses, elucidating the full-length genome sequence of each associated virus, and relating virus titer to phenotypic changes in Ficus carica.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Fig mosaic virus Ficus (crop) U.S.A. (NE)
Fig badnavirus-1 Ficus (crop) U.S.A. (NE)