Plant Disease (2019) 103, 1474-1486

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Narinder Pal, Charles C. Block and Candice A.C. Gardner (2019)
A Real-Time PCR differentiating Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii from P. stewartii subsp. indologenes in corn seed
Plant Disease 103 (7), 1474-1486
Abstract: Stewart's wilt of corn caused by the bacterium Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii is a seed-borne disease of major phytosanitary importance. Many countries have imposed restrictions on corn seed imports from regions where the disease occurs to prevent the potential introduction of the pathogen. Current laboratory testing methods (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) cannot readily distinguish P. stewartii subsp. stewartii from the closely related subspecies Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes. However, P. stewartii subsp. indologenes, a nonpathogen on corn, is occasionally found on corn seed as part of the resident bacterial population and can yield false positive test results. A real-time PCR targeting the cpsAB intergenic sequence was developed to specifically detect P. stewartii subsp. stewartii from corn seeds and distinguish it from P. stewartii subsp. indologenes. The assay successfully detected P. stewartii subsp. stewartii from corn seed, and P. stewartii subsp. indologenes-contaminated seed lots, which previously yielded false positives by ELISA and published PCR methods, were negative. The absence of P. stewartii subsp. stewartii and the presence of P. stewartii subsp. indologenes in this seed were confirmed by size differentiation of the cpsAB amplicons in a conventional PCR. By distinguishing the two subspecies, the assays described would avoid false positive results and help prevent unnecessary restrictions on international movement of corn seed.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Charles C. Block

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
identification/taxonomy
surveys/sampling/distribution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Pantoea stewartii Maize/corn (Zea mays)