Phytopathology (2019) 109, 1859-1868

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Hamzeh Mafakheri, S. Mohsen Taghavi, Joanna Pulawska, Philippe de Lajudie, Florent Lassalle and Ebrahim Osdaghi (2019)
Two novel genomospecies in the Agrobacterium tumefaciens species complex associated with rose crown gall
Phytopathology 109 (11), 1859-1868
Abstract: In this study, we explored the pathogenicity and phylogenetic position of Agrobacterium spp. strains isolated from crown gall tissues on annual, perennial, and ornamental plants in Iran. Of the 43 strains studied, 10 strains were identified as Allorhizobium vitis (formerly Agrobacterium vitis) using the species-specific primer pair PGF/PGR. Thirty-three remaining strains were studied using multilocus sequence analysis of four housekeeping genes (i.e., atpD, gyrB, recA, and rpoB), from which seven strains were identified as A. larrymoorei and one strain was identified as A. rubi (Rer); the remaining 25 strains were scattered within the A. tumefaciens species complex. Two strains were identified as genomospecies 1 (G1), seven strains were identified as A. radiobacter (G4), seven strains were identified as A. deltaense (G7), two strains were identified as A. nepotum (G14), and one strain was identified as "A. viscosum" (G15). The strains Rnr, Rnw, and Rew as well as the two strains OT33 and R13 all isolated from rose and the strain Ap1 isolated from apple were clustered in three atypical clades within the A. tumefaciens species complex. All but eight strains (i.e., Nec10, Ph38, Ph49, fic9, Fic72, R13, OT33, and Ap1) were pathogenic on tomato and sunflower seedlings in greenhouse conditions, whereas all but three strains (i.e., fic9, Fic72, and OT33) showed tumorigenicity on carrot root discs. The phylogenetic analysis and nucleotide diversity statistics suggested the existence of two novel genomospecies within the A. tumefaciens species complex, which we named "G19" and "G20." Hence, we propose the strains Rew, Rnw, and Rnr as the members of "G19" and the strains R13 and OT33 as the members of G20, whereas the phylogenetic status of the atypical strain Ap1 remains undetermined.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): Joanna Pulawska, Ebrahim Osdaghi

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Allorhizobium vitis Rosa (crop) Iran
Rhizobium larrymoorei Rosa (crop) Iran
Rhizobium rubi Rosa (crop) Iran
Rhizobium radiobacter Rosa (crop) Iran