Phytopathology (2002) 92, 694-702

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T.J. Gulya, P.J. Shiel, T. Freeman, R.L. Jordan, T. Isakeit and P.H. Berger (2002)
Host range and characterization of Sunflower mosaic virus
Phytopathology 92 (7), 694-702
Abstract: Sunflower mosaic is caused by a putative member of the family Potyviridae. Sunflower mosaic virus (SuMV) was characterized in terms of host range, physical and biological characteristics, and partial nucleotide and amino acid sequence. Cells infected with SuMV had cytoplasmic inclusion bodies typical of potyviruses. Of 74 genera tested, only species in Helianthus, Sanvitalia, and Zinnia, all Asteraceae, were systemic hosts. Commercial sunflower hybrids from the United States, Europe, and South Africa were all equally susceptible. The mean length of purified particles is approximately 723 nm. The virus was transmitted by Myzus persicae and Capitphorus elaegni, and also was seedborne in at least one sunflower cultivar. Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests with a broad-spectrum potyvirus monoclonal antibody were strongly positive. SuMV-specific polyclonal antisera recognized SuMV and, to a lesser extent, Tobacco etch virus (TEV). When tested against a panel of 31 potyvirus-differentiating monoclonal antibodies, SuMV was distinct from any potyvirus previously tested. SuMV shared four epitopes with TEV, but had a reaction profile more similar to Tulip breaking virus (TBV). SuMV did not possess epitopes unique only to TBV. The predicted coat protein had a molecular weight of 30.5 kDa. The 3' end of the virus genome was cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the coat protein amino acid sequence revealed that SuMV is a distinct species within the family Potyviridae, most closely related to TEV.
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Database assignments for author(s): Thomas J. Gulya

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution
identification/taxonomy


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Sunflower mosaic virus Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)