Phytoparasitica (2017) 45, 211-217

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M.T. Bararpout, N.E. Korres, T.W. Allen and J. Bond (2017)
Infection of Sorghum bicolor, selected grass species and Zea mays by Gloeocercospora sorghi, causal pathogen of zonate leaf spot
Phytoparasitica 45 (2), 211-217
Abstract: Zonate leaf spot (Gloeocercospora sorghi) is a common disease in Sorghum bicolor producing areas of the U.S., but little is known about its biology, virulence and severity on S. bicolor, Zea mays, and related crop grassweeds. Greenhouse studies were conducted to determine and compare the virulence and severity of G. sorghi on 10 commercially available sorghum hybrids, four Z. mays hybrids and selected grassweed species including Sorghum bicolor (grain sorghum and shattercane biotypes) and Sorghum halepense (Johnsongrass), two of the most problematic arable weeds. Plants from the respective species were inoculated with a local G. sorghi isolate and maintained in a dew-chamber at 24 °C for 24 h and then incubated under greenhouse conditions for 4 weeks. Plants were observed for lesion expression and rated using a modified Horsfall-Barrett scale (0–10). The first symptoms of infection were visible within 24 h following inoculation on shattercane and S. bicolor hybrids. Symptoms consisted of small, non-diagnostic purple lesions on the leaves. Results showed that S. bicolor, S. halepense and shattercane were susceptible to G. sorghi. All other species tested in this study were not infected. More particularly, disease severity, increased from a rating of 3 to 10 on sorghum and from 2 to 7 on S. halepense between 2 and 23 days after inoculation, respectively. However, disease severity on shattercane increased rapidly from 3.5 to 10 between 2 and 8 days after inoculation, respectively. Among the sorghum hybrids tested, FFR-322 appeared to be the most resistant to G. sorghi while Pioneer 83G66 appeared to be the most susceptible. Z. mays hybrids were not infected by the fungus used in this study. G. sorghi could be used effectively to manage shattercane and S. halepense infestations occurring in Z. mays and S. bicolor fields consisting of specific G. sorghi-resistant hybrids.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Tom W. Allen

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Sorghum halepense (weed)
Microdochium sorghi Sorghum (crop)
Sorghum bicolor drummondii (weed)