Pest Management Science (2019) 75, 658-666
Gabriella Kovács, Riina Kaasik, Marjolein E. Lof, Wopke van der Werf, Tanel Kaart, John M. Holland, Anne Luik and Eve Veromann (2019)
Effects of land use on infestation and parasitism rates of cabbage seed weevil in oilseed rape
Pest Management Science 75 (3), 658-666
This study investigated how infestation rates of an important oilseed rape pest, the cabbage seed weevil (Ceutorhynchus obstrictus) and rates of parasitization by its parasitoids are affected by land use, up to 1000 m from 18 focal fields.
The mean proportion of C. obstrictus-infested pods per plant was 8% (2–19.5%). Infestation rates were higher if the adjacent habitat was a herbaceous semi-natural habitat than if it was either another crop or a woody habitat. Infestation rates were positively related to the area of herbaceous semi-natural vegetation, permanent grassland and wheat (which followed oilseed rape in the crop rotation) at a spatial scale of at least 1 km. The mean parasitism rate of C. obstrictus larvae was 55% (8.3–87%), sufficient to provide efficient biocontrol. Parasitism rates were unrelated to adjacent habitats, however, they were positively related to the presence of herbaceous linear elements in the landscape and negatively related to permanent grasslands at a spatial scale of 200 m.
Proximity of herbaceous elements increased both infestation rates and parasitism, while infestation was also related to landscape factors at larger distances. The findings provide an empirical basis for designing landscapes that suppress C. obstrictus, at both field and landscape scales.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Gabriella Kovács, John M. Holland, Eve Veromann, Wopke van der Werf
Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
environment - cropping system/rotation
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
Pest and/or beneficial records:
|Ceutorhynchus obstrictus||Rape/canola (Brassica napus)|