Pest Management Science (2018) 74, 2851-2857

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M. Amin Jalali, M. Reza Mehrnejad, Peter C. Ellsworth, Fateme Ranjbar and Mahdi Ziaaddini (2018)
Predator performance: inferring predator switching behaviors based on nutritional indices in a coccinellid–psylla–aphid system
Pest Management Science 74 (12), 2851-2857
Abstract:
BACKGROUND
Knowledge of the nutritional ecology of predatory coccinellids is important for the selection of efficient biocontrol agents. We examined five species common in pistachio orchards and determined their nutritional indices when fed on the key psylla pest of the system, Agonoscena pistaciae, in contrast to an alternative prey common on herbaceous plants in orchards, Aphis gossypii.
RESULTS
Feeding experiments revealed that Oenopia conglobata contaminata and Adalia bipunctata may be more efficient as biocontrol agents for A. pistaciae than for A. gossypii, as A. bipunctata had a high efficiency of conversion of ingested food and a high relative growth rate and O. conglobata contaminata had a high consumption index on psylla prey. In contrast, the nutritional indices of Coccinella undecimpunctata aegyptica, Hippodamia variegata and Exochomus nigripennis suggest that A. gossypii was a more suitable host food.
CONCLUSION
Where both the psyllids and the aphids occur in pistachio orchards, especially under conditions of unlimited access to A. gossypii, C. undecimpunctata aegyptica, H. variegata and E. nigripennis may prefer to move from psylla-infested leaves of pistachio trees and travel to and stay on weeds to feed on A. gossypii. The value of using nutritional ecology as a means of understanding and predicting biocontrol outcomes and selecting better candidates for mass rearing is discussed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): M. Amin Jalali, M. Reza Mehrnejad, Peter C. Ellsworth

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Aphis gossypii Iran
Agonoscena pistaciae Pistachio nut and relatives (Pistacia) Iran
Adalia bipunctata (predator) Agonoscena pistaciae Pistachio nut and relatives (Pistacia) Iran
Hippodamia variegata (predator) Aphis gossypii Iran
Coccinella undecimpunctata (predator) Aphis gossypii Iran
Oenopia conglobata (predator) Agonoscena pistaciae Pistachio nut and relatives (Pistacia) Iran