Pest Management Science (2016) 72, 1335-1339

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Janine M. Razze, Oscar E. Liburd and Robert McSorley (2016)
Preference of Bemisia tabaci biotype B on zucchini squash and buckwheat and the effect of Delphastus catalinae on whitefly populations
Pest Management Science 72 (7), 1335-1339
Abstract:
BACKGROUND
Zucchini squash, Cucurbita pepo L., is an important vegetable crop in Florida. Physiological disorders and insect-transmitted diseases are major problems for squash growers in semi-tropical regions around the world. Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) biotype B is a significant whitefly pest and is largely responsible for transmitting viruses and causing physiological disorders in squash. Several studies have shown that whitefly populations are reduced when crops are interplanted with non-host cover crops or mulches. The aim of the present study was to determine how the presence of buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, and a key predator, Delphastus catalinae (Horn), affect whitefly colonization on squash.
RESULTS
Whitefly densities were higher on squash than on buckwheat. The introduction of D. catalinae on squash significantly reduced whitefly populations. Overall, there were higher densities of D. catalinae on squash where the whitefly pest was more concentrated compared with buckwheat.
CONCLUSION
The study provided preliminary evidence that D. catalinae, when used in conjunction with buckwheat as a living mulch, may aid in reducing whiteflies in squash. This greenhouse experiment highlights the need to investigate a multitactic approach of intercropping buckwheat with squash and the incorporation of D. catalinae in the field to manage populations of whiteflies and whitefly-transmitted diseases.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Oscar E. Liburd

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
general biology - morphology - evolution
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
evaluation - screening - selection


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) U.S.A. (SE)
Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) U.S.A. (SE)
Delphastus catalinae (predator) Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) U.S.A. (SE)
Delphastus catalinae (predator) Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) U.S.A. (SE)