Pest Management Science (2005) 61, 25-39

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Norman Lalancette, Robert D. Belding, Peter W. Shearer, Jerome L. Frecon and William H. Tietjen (2005)
Evaluation of hydrophobic and hydrophilic kaolin particle films for peach crop, arthropod and disease management
Pest Management Science 61 (1), 25-39
Abstract: Hydrophobic and/or hydrophilic kaolin particle film treatments to peach (Prunus persica (L) Batsch) trees were evaluated for crop and pest management capabilities in six studies from 1997 to 2000. Unsprayed control and standard treatments, the latter consisting of a commercial pesticide program, were included for comparison. Treatments in initial studies were applied via handgun, which resulted in a uniform and heavy deposit of kaolin after the first application. In contrast, treatments in subsequent studies used airblast equipment, which provided a uniform but less dense coverage, even after multiple applications. Results showed that both formulations of kaolin provided control of oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta (Busck)), plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst)) and Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman) that was comparable with or better than the standard pesticide program. Effective management of late season catfacing insects (tarnished plant bugs Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) and stinkbugs Acrosternum hilare (Say), Euschistus servus (Say), and E tristigmus (Say)) and leafrollers (undetermined species) was also observed, although kaolin applications significantly increased phytophagous mite (Panonychus ulmi (Koch)) levels. In contrast to arthropod management, kaolin failed to control either peach scab (Cladosporium carpophilum (Von Thümen)) or rusty spot (Podosphaera leucotricha (Ell and Ev) ES Salmon) in any of the 4 years of the study. However, hydrophobic kaolin provided effective brown rot (Monilinia fructicola (G Winter) Honey) control when applied via handgun, and partial control when applied via airblast; hydrophilic kaolin failed to provide any control. These results suggest that hydrophobicity and deposit density may be important factors for effective disease management. The application of kaolin significantly delayed fruit maturation, increased fruit size and increased soluble solids relative to the standard. This effect, attributed to a reduction in plant stress, also resulted in increased fruit number and yield on young trees, indicating that an accentuated beneficial response from kaolin applications may be possible.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Norman Lalancette, Peter W. Shearer

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Panonychus ulmi Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Grapholita molesta Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Lygus lineolaris Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Popillia japonica Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Monilinia fructicola Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Venturia carpophila Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Podosphaera leucotricha Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Euschistus servus Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Chinavia hilaris Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Conotrachelus nenuphar Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)
Euschistus tristigmus Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)