Neotropical Entomology (2007) 36, 161-179

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Claudia Dolinski and Lawrence A. Lacey (2007)
Microbial control of arthropod pests of tropical tree fruits
Neotropical Entomology 36 (2), 161-179
Abstract: A multitude of insects and mites attack fruit crops throughout the tropics. The traditional method for controlling most of these pests is the application of chemical pesticides. Growing concern on the negative environmental effects has encouraged the development of alternatives. Inundatively and inoculatively applied microbial control agents (virus, bacteria, fungi, and entomopathogenic nematodes) have been developed as alternative control methods of a wide variety of arthropods including tropical fruit pests. The majority of the research and applications in tropical fruit agroecosystems has been conducted in citrus, banana, coconut, and mango. Successful microbial control initiatives of citrus pests and mites have been reported. Microbial control of arthropod pests of banana includes banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (with EPNs and fungi) among others Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) is one of the most important pests of coconut and one of the most successful uses of non-occluded virus for classical biological control. Key pests of mango that have been controlled with microbial control agents include fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) (with EPNs and fungi), and other pests. Also successful is the microbial control of arthropod pests of guava, papaya and pineapple. The challenge towards a broader application of entomopathogens is the development of successful combinations of entomopathogens, predators, and parasitoids along with other interventions to produce effective and sustainable pest management.
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Database assignments for author(s): Lawrence A. Lacey

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
review


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Brevipalpus phoenicis Citrus (genus)
Tetranychus urticae Papaya (Carica papaya)
Panonychus citri Citrus (genus) China (south)
Phyllocoptruta oleivora Citrus (genus)
Aphis citricidus Citrus (genus)
Anastrepha ludens Mango (Mangifera indica)
Ceratitis capitata Mango (Mangifera indica)
Diaprepes abbreviatus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Metamasius hemipterus Banana/plantain (Musa) U.S.A. (SE)
Cosmopolites sordidus Banana/plantain (Musa)
Dialeurodes citri Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (mid S)
Dialeurodes citri Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Polyphagotarsonemus latus Citrus (genus)
Aleurocanthus woglumi Citrus (genus) Costa Rica
Drosicha mangiferae Mango (Mangifera indica) India
Selenaspidus articulatus Citrus (genus) Brazil (south)
Oryctes rhinoceros Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Oryctes monoceros Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Thaumatotibia leucotreta Citrus (genus) Cape Verde Islands
Leptoglossus zonatus Guava (Psidium)
Oiketicus kirbyi Banana/plantain (Musa) Costa Rica
Idioscopus clypealis Mango (Mangifera indica) India
Parlatoria ziziphi Citrus (genus) Cuba
Pantomorus cervinus Citrus (genus)
Dialeurodes citrifolii Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Ecdytolopha aurantiana Citrus (genus)
Pachnaeus litus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Amritodus atkinsoni Mango (Mangifera indica)
Pachnaeus opalus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Rhytidodera bowringii Mango (Mangifera indica)
Conotrachelus psidii Guava (Psidium)
Strymon megarus Pineapple (Ananas comosus)
Philephedra tuberculosa Papaya (Carica papaya)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Tetranychus urticae Papaya (Carica papaya)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Panonychus citri Citrus (genus) China (south)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Phyllocoptruta oleivora Citrus (genus)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Aphis citricidus Citrus (genus)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Diaprepes abbreviatus Citrus (genus)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Metamasius hemipterus Banana/plantain (Musa) U.S.A. (SE)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Cosmopolites sordidus Banana/plantain (Musa)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Polyphagotarsonemus latus Citrus (genus)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Drosicha mangiferae Mango (Mangifera indica) India
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Leptoglossus zonatus Guava (Psidium)
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Oiketicus kirbyi Banana/plantain (Musa) Costa Rica
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Idioscopus clypealis Mango (Mangifera indica) India
Beauveria bassiana (entomopathogen) Rhytidodera bowringii Mango (Mangifera indica)
Steinernema carpocapsae/Xenorhabdus nematophila (entomopathogen) Cosmopolites sordidus Banana/plantain (Musa) Puerto Rico
Steinernema carpocapsae/Xenorhabdus nematophila (entomopathogen) Pantomorus cervinus Citrus (genus)
Steinernema carpocapsae/Xenorhabdus nematophila (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus litus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Steinernema carpocapsae/Xenorhabdus nematophila (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus opalus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Steinernema feltiae/Xenorhabdus bovienii (entomopathogen) Cosmopolites sordidus Banana/plantain (Musa) Puerto Rico
Hirsutella thompsonii (entomopathogen) Brevipalpus phoenicis Citrus (genus)
Hirsutella thompsonii (entomopathogen) Phyllocoptruta oleivora Citrus (genus)
Hirsutella thompsonii (entomopathogen) Polyphagotarsonemus latus Citrus (genus)
Heterorhabditis indica/Photorhabdus (entomopathogen) Diaprepes abbreviatus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Heterorhabditis indica/Photorhabdus (entomopathogen) Ecdytolopha aurantiana Citrus (genus)
Metarhizium anisopliae (entomopathogen) Anastrepha ludens Mango (Mangifera indica)
Metarhizium anisopliae (entomopathogen) Ceratitis capitata Mango (Mangifera indica)
Metarhizium majus (entomopathogen) Oryctes rhinoceros Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Metarhizium anisopliae (entomopathogen) Leptoglossus zonatus Guava (Psidium)
Metarhizium anisopliae (entomopathogen) Amritodus atkinsoni Mango (Mangifera indica)
Akanthomyces muscarius (entomopathogen) Idioscopus clypealis Mango (Mangifera indica) India
Akanthomyces muscarius (entomopathogen) Philephedra tuberculosa Papaya (Carica papaya)
Steinernema riobrave/Xenorhabdus cabanillasii (entomopathogen) Diaprepes abbreviatus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Steinernema riobrave/Xenorhabdus cabanillasii (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus litus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Steinernema riobrave/Xenorhabdus cabanillasii (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus opalus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora/Photorhabdus (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus litus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora/Photorhabdus (entomopathogen) Pachnaeus opalus Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (SE)
Steinernema glaseri/Xenorhabdus poinarii (entomopathogen) Cosmopolites sordidus Banana/plantain (Musa) Puerto Rico
Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (entomopathogen) Oryctes rhinoceros Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (entomopathogen) Oryctes monoceros Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Moelleriella libera (entomopathogen) Dialeurodes citri Citrus (genus) U.S.A. (mid S)
Moelleriella libera (entomopathogen) Aleurocanthus woglumi Citrus (genus) Costa Rica
Moelleriella libera (entomopathogen) Selenaspidus articulatus Citrus (genus) Brazil (south)
Moelleriella libera (entomopathogen) Parlatoria ziziphi Citrus (genus) Cuba
Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (entomopathogen) Thaumatotibia leucotreta Citrus (genus)
Moelleriella raciborskii (entomopathogen) U.S.A. (SE)
Heterorhabditis baujardi (entomopathogen) Conotrachelus psidii Guava (Psidium) Brazil (south)