Molecular Plant Pathology (2020) 21, 1353-1376

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Claire Kanja and Kim E. Hammond-Kosack (2020)
Proteinaceous effector discovery and characterization in filamentous plant pathogens
Molecular Plant Pathology 21 (10), 1353-1376
Abstract: The complicated interplay of plant–pathogen interactions occurs on multiple levels as pathogens evolve to constantly evade the immune responses of their hosts. Many economically important crops fall victim to filamentous pathogens that produce small proteins called effectors to manipulate the host and aid infection/colonization. Understanding the effector repertoires of pathogens is facilitating an increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying virulence as well as guiding the development of disease control strategies. The purpose of this review is to give a chronological perspective on the evolution of the methodologies used in effector discovery from physical isolation and in silico predictions, to functional characterization of the effectors of filamentous plant pathogens and identification of their host targets.
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