Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2003) 17, 19-25

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R. N'Guessan, F. Darriet, P. Guillet, P. Carnevale, M. Traore-Lamizana, V. Corbel, A.A. Koffi and F. Chandre (2003)
Resistance to carbosulfan in Anopheles gambiae from Ivory Coast, based on reduced sensitivity of acetylcholinesterase
Medical and Veterinary Entomology 17 (1), 19-25
Abstract: Resistance to carbosulfan, a carbamate insecticide, was detected in field populations of the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) from two ecologically contrasted localities near Bouaké, Ivory Coast: rural M'bé with predominantly M form of An. gambiae susceptible to pyrethroids; suburban Yaokoffikro with predominantly S form of An. gambiae highly resistant to pyrethroids (96% kdr). The discriminating concentration of 0.4% carbosulfan (i.e. double the LC100) was determined from bioassays with the susceptible An. gambiae Kisumu strain. Following exposure to the diagnostic dosage (0.4% carbosulfan for 1 h), mortality rates of female An. gambiae adults (reared from larvae collected from ricefields) were 62% and 29% of those from M'bé and Yaokoffikro, respectively, 24 h post-exposure. Exposure for 3 min to netting impregnated with the operational dosage of carbosulfan 200 mg/m2 gave mortality rates of 88% of those from M'bé and only 12.2% for Yaokoffikro. In each case the control untreated mortality rate was insignificant. Biochemical assays to detect possible resistance mechanism(s) revealed the presence of insensitive AChE in populations of An. gambiae at both localities, more prevalent in the S form at Yaokoffikro than in M form at M'bé, as expected from bioassays results. Our study demonstrates the need to monitor carbamate resistance among populations of the An. gambiae complex in Africa, to determine its spread and anticipate vector control failure if these insecticides are employed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Raphael N'Guessan, Fabrice Chandre, Vincent Corbel

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
pesticide resistance of pest

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Anopheles gambiae Ivory Coast