Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2000) 14, 245-250

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G.J. Venter, S.D. Graham and C. Hamblin (2000)
African horse sickness epidemiology: vector competence of South African Culicoides species for virus serotypes 3, 5 and 8
Medical and Veterinary Entomology 14 (3), 245-250
Abstract: The oral susceptibilities of 17 Culicoides species to infection with African horse sickness virus (AHSV) serotypes 3, 5 and 8 were determined by feeding field-collected midges on AHSV infected horse blood. The mean titres of virus in the bloodmeals for the three serotypes of AHSV were between 5.7 and 6.5 log10TCID50/ml. Virus was detected, after 10 days incubation at 23.5°C, in the Culicoides imicola Kieffer (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) that had fed on blood containing AHSV 5 (8.5%) and 8 (26.8%), and in the Culicoides bolitinos Meiswinkel that had fed on AHSV 3 (3.8%), 5 (20.6%) and 8 (1.7%). Although 44.4% of the C. imicola were shown to have ingested AHSV 3 immediately after feeding, no virus was detected in 96 C. imicola after incubation. The relatively high titres of virus recorded in individual midges of both species after 10 days incubation suggested a fully disseminated infection. Previously, C. imicola was considered to be the only field vector of AHSV in Africa. Identifying C. bolitinos as a potential vector for AHSV is an important finding, which if proven will have a significant impact on our understanding of the epidemiology of AHS. No AHSVs could be detected in the other 15 species of Culicoides assayed, which suggests that some of the southern African Culicoides species are refractory to AHSV infection. However, further work with larger numbers of each species will be necessary to confirm this observation.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Gert J. Venter

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Culicoides imicola South Africa
Culicoides bolitinos South Africa