Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association (2004) 20, 239-242

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R.D. Cooper, S.P. Frances, S. Popat and D.G.E. Waterson (2004)
The effectiveness of light, 1-octen-3-ol, and carbon dioxide as attractants for anopheline mosquitoes in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 20 (3), 239-242
Abstract: The effectiveness of light, 1-octen-3-ol (octenol), carbon dioxide (CO2) and a combination of CO2 and octenol were compared as mosquito attractants using encephalitis vector surveillance traps in 2 villages in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea (PNG). Five species were collected, Anopheles koliensis, Anopheles farauti 2, Anopheles farauti 4, Anopheles longirostris, and Anopheles bancroftii. Light alone was not attractive to any of these species, and the attractiveness of octenol alone, though greater than light, was less than that of CO2 or the CO2 + octenol combination. With An. longirostris, the addition of octenol to CO2 resulted in a statistically significant increase in trap numbers; however, for the other species, any increase was not significant, and with An. koliensis and An. bancroftii, trap numbers were actually reduced when the CO2 + octenol bait was used. In PNG, the use of octenol alone would be effective in attracting more anophelines than if light alone was used; however, octenol by itself was not as effective as CO2.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)


Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
pheromones/attractants/traps
surveys/sampling/distribution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Anopheles koliensis Papua New Guinea
Anopheles farauti Papua New Guinea
Anopheles longirostris Papua New Guinea
Anopheles bancroftii Papua New Guinea