Journal of Phytopathology (2011) 159, 233-240

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Valdir Lourenço Jr., Tatiana T.M.S. Rodrigues, Antonio M.D. Campos, Carlos A.D. Bragança, Klaus K. Scheuermann, Ailton Reis, Sérgio H. Brommonschenkel, Luiz A. Maffia and Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti (2011)
Genetic structure of the population of Alternaria solani in Brazil
Journal of Phytopathology 159 (4), 233-240
Abstract: Understanding the genetic structure of the population of Alternaria solani (AS) is an important component of epidemiological studies of early blight, a severe disease that affects potato (Po) and tomato (To) worldwide. Up to 150 isolates obtained from both hosts were analysed with RAPD and AFLP markers to estimate the amount and distribution of genetic variability of AS in Brazil. Using RAPD, gene diversity (h = 0.20) and scaled indices of diversity of Shannon (H' = 0.66) and Stoddart and Taylor's (G = 0.31) for the Po population were higher than those of the To (h = 0.07, H' = 0.34, G = 0.17). For AFLP, the statistics for the Po (h = 0.17, H' = 0.86, G = 0.49) and To (h = 0.17, H' = 0.85, G = 0.36) populations were similar. For each RAPD and AFLP locus, the allele frequency for the overall population ranged from 0.006 to 0.988, and 0.007 to 0.993, respectively. Genetic differentiation was high (GST = 0.41 and θ = 0.59) and moderately high (GST = 0.23 and θ = 0.37) when estimated with RAPD and AFLP, respectively. Based on cluster analyses, there was strong evidence of association of pathogen haplotypes with host species. The null hypothesis of random association of alleles was rejected in the analysis of both RAPD (IA = 13.1, P < 0.001) and AFLP (IA = 2.2, P < 0.001) markers. The average number of migrants was estimated to be around one and two individuals per generation, using RAPD and AFLP, respectively. There was no correlation between genetic distance and geographical origin of AS haplotypes for RAPD (r = −0.07, P = 0.84) and AFLP (r = −0.03, P = 0.70). The AS population is clonal with high genetic variability, and there is genetic differentiation between the populations that affect To and Po.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti, Luiz A. Maffia, Valdir Lourenço Jr.

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Alternaria solani Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Alternaria solani Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)