Journal of Nematology (2006) 38, 240-244

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T.R. Faske and J.L. Starr (2006)
Sensitivity of Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis to abamectin
Journal of Nematology 38 (2), 240-244
Abstract: Avermectins are macrocyclic lactones produced by Streptomyces averrnitilis. Abamectin is a blend of B1a and B1b avermectins that is being used as a seed treatment to control plant-parasitic nematodes on cotton and some vegetable crops. No LD50 values, data on nematode recovery following brief exposure, or effects of sublethal concentrations on infectivity of the plant-parasitic nematodes Meloidogyne incognita or Rotylenchulus reniformis are available. Using an assay of nematode mobility, LD50 values of 1.56 pg/ml and 32.9 pg/ml were calculated based on 2 hr exposure for M. incognita and R. reniformis, respectively. There was no recovery of either nematode after exposure for 1 hr. Mortality of M. incognita continued to increase following a 1 hr exposure, whereas R. reniformis mortality remained unchanged at 24 hr after the nematodes were removed from the abamectin solution. Sublethal concentrations of 1.56 to 0.39 µg/ml for M. incognita and 32.9 to 8.2 mg/ml for R. reniformis reduced infectivity of each nematode on tomato roots. The toxicity of abamectin to these nematodes was comparable to that of aldicarb.
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Database assignments for author(s): James L. Starr, Travis R. Faske

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Meloidogyne incognita
Rotylenchulus reniformis