Journal of Medical Entomology (2018) 55, 1330-1333

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Marianel L. Falvo, Patricia Albornoz Medina, Juscelino Rodrigues, Claudia C. López Lastra, Juan J. García, Éverton K.K. Fernandes and Christian Luz (2018)
Effect of UV-B irradiation on water-suspended Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) conidia and their larvicidal activity in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Journal of Medical Entomology 55 (5), 1330-1333
Abstract: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a key limiting factor for biological pest control with entomopathogenic fungi. While little is known about the impact of UV on Metarhizium anisopliae Metchnikoff (Sorokin) (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) conidia in aquatic mosquito-breeding sites, this study determined the effect of UV-B on the viability and virulence of M. anisopliae sensu lato (s.l.) strain IP 46 in the laboratory against Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae. Conidia were treated in cups under defined water depths (0, 1, 2, and 3 cm) to six different UV-B doses (0, 0.657, 1.971, 3.942, 7.884, 11.826, or 15.768 kJ m-2) at 27 ± 2°C. The ability of treated conidia to germinate up to 24 h postexposure on PDAY + benomyl + chloramphenicol medium at 25 ± 1°C was adversely affected by higher doses of UV-B radiation regardless of the water depth. Germination, however, did not fall below 70% regardless of the test conditions. In fact, conidial virulence against second-instar larvae was not affected by either the water depth (F3,84 = 0.3, P = 0.85) or any tested levels of UV-B radiation (F6,21 < 1.2, P > 0.39) including those distinctly higher than might be expected for tropical sites. These findings strengthen previous observations that IP 46 has significant potential for use against A. aegypti larvae, even when exposed to elevated UV-B irradiance levels in the small breeding sites that are common for this important vector.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Christian Luz

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
non-target effects/fate in environm.

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aedes aegypti
Metarhizium anisopliae (entomopathogen) Aedes aegypti