Journal of General Plant Pathology (2014) 80, 50-58

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Yoshiyuki Ebihara and Seiji Uematsu (2014)
Survival of strawberry-pathogenic fungi Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae, Phytophthora cactorum and Verticillium dahliae under anaerobic conditions
Journal of General Plant Pathology 80 (1), 50-58
Abstract: The growth and survival of three strawberry pathogens, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae (FOF), Phytophthora cactorum, and Verticillium dahliae, were examined in anaerobic (anoxic) conditions at several temperatures (10-40 °C). The growth and survival of these fungi were suppressed by anaerobic conditions in comparison with those in cultured aerobically. Under anaerobic conditions at 22.5 °C, tested isolates of FOF and P. cactorum grew slightly, but V. dahliae did not grow. The three fungi survive for markedly shorter time in the anaerobic conditions compared with the aerobic conditions at all tested temperatures except 40 °C for FOF and P. cactorum. Moreover, survival periods shortened as the cultivation temperature increased. These results demonstrate that anaerobic conditions contribute to eradicating these pathogens during flooding or reductive soil disinfestation.
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Link to article at publishers website

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Phytophthora cactorum Strawberry (Fragaria) Japan
Verticillium dahliae Strawberry (Fragaria) Japan
Verticillium dahliae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Japan
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. fragariae Strawberry (Fragaria) Japan
Fusarium oxysporum