Journal of Economic Entomology (2018) 111, 2799-2808

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Maribel Portilla, Randall G. Luttrell, Katherine A. Parys, Nathan Little and K. Clint Allen (2018)
Comparison of three bioassay methods to estimate levels of tarnished plant bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) susceptibility to acephate, imidacloprid, permethrin, sulfoxaflor, and thiamethoxam
Journal of Economic Entomology 111 (6), 2799-2808
Abstract: A laboratory colony of tarnished plant bugs reared solely on a meridic diet was exposed to acephate, imidacloprid, permethrin, sulfoxaflor, and thiamethoxam in dose–response experiments using floral-foam, glass-vial, and dipped-leaf assays. Results indicated that different assay methods produced different relative results across the different insecticides. Dose- and time–response regression models also indicated that length of exposure of tarnished plant bugs to insecticide-treated plant tissue is important. Time of exposure required to reach an LC90 at estimated recommended field rates suggested that the recommended lower field rate of acephate (0.56 kg ai/ha) would reach an LC90 of exposed tarnished plant bugs between 48 and 96 h post initial exposure. An LC90 of tarnished plant bugs exposed to permethrin (0.11 kg ai/ha) was not predicted from the regression modes over the 168-h observation; lower recommended application rates of imidacloprid (0.053 kg ai/ha), sulfoxaflor (0.053 kg ai/ha), and thiamethoxam (0.042 kg ai/ha) reached projected LC90s between 96 and 168 h of exposure. Collectively, the results of this study corroborate current existing procedures for tracking tarnished plant bug resistance to insecticides, but also illustrate the importance of additional field studies that empirically associate assay results to projected field control.
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Database assignments for author(s): Maribel Portilla, Nathan S. Little, Katherine A. Parys

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
pesticide resistance of pest


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Lygus lineolaris Cotton (Gossypium) U.S.A. (mid S)