Journal of Economic Entomology (1997) 90, 1-5

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Azzeddine Azzam, Sara Azzam, Saadia Lhaloui, Ahmed Amri, Mustapha El Bouhssini and Mohammed Moussaoui (1997)
Economic return to research in Hessian fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) resistant bred-wheat varieties in Morocco
Journal of Economic Entomology 90 (1), 1-5
Abstract: Approximately $1.5 million has been invested by the United States and Morocco since 1980 in Morocco to develop bread-wheat varieties resistant to the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say). Although this effort has proven to be successful in the development of resistant varieties, research programs of this type rarely are evaluated for economic returns. As part of a comprehensive impact assessment of the USAID-funded Dryland Applied Agricultural Research Project of Morocco's National Institute of Agronomic Research and the mid-America International Agricultural Consortium, this study assessed the benefits and costs of developing resistant varieties. Benefits, in terms of new germplasm, were realized by both Morocco and the United States. Overall benefits and costs were calculated using a reasonable, least favorable case. The internal rate of return was 39%. Compared with other rates of return on agricultural research efforts across countries, commodities, and time periods, 39% represents a high payoff.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Database assignments for author(s): Mustapha El Bouhssini

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host
damage/losses/economics


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Mayetiola destructor Wheat (Triticum) Morocco