Journal of Chemical Ecology (1999) 25, 2229-2245

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N.C. DeLury, G. Gries, R. Gries, G.J.R. Judd and J.J. Brown (1999)
Sex pheromone of Ascogaster quadridentata, a parasitoid of Cydia pomonella
Journal of Chemical Ecology 25 (10), 2229-2245
Abstract: Porapak Q volatile extracts of female Ascogaster quadridentata, an egg-larval endoparasitoid of codling moth, Cydia pomonella, bioassayed in Y-tube olfactometers attracted male, but not female, A. quadridentata. Coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analysis of bioactive extracts revealed three compounds that elicited responses by male A. quadridentata antennae. GC-mass spectra (MS) indicated, and comparative analyses of authentic standards confirmed, that these compounds were (Z,Z)-9,12-octadecadienal, (Z)-9-hexadecenal, and 3,7,11-trimethyl-6E,10-dodecadienal. (Z,Z)-9,12-Octadecadienal alone attracted laboratory-reared male A. quadridentata in Y-tube olfactometer and field-cage bioassays, and attracted feral A. quadridentata in a field experiment. This sex pheromone could be used to help detect populations of A. quadridentata, delineate their distributions, and determine potential sources of parasitoids for capture and release in integrated programs for control of C. pomonella.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Gerhard Gries, John J. Brown, Naomi C. DeLury

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
environment/habitat manipulation
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Cydia pomonella
Ascogaster quadridentatus (parasitoid) Cydia pomonella