Journal of Applied Entomology - Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie (2002) 126, 238-243

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T. Gajmer, R. Singh, R.K. Saini and S.B. Kalidhar (2002)
Effect of methanolic extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and bakain (Melia azedarach L) seeds on oviposition and egg hatching of Earias vittella (Fab.) (Lep., Noctuidae)
Journal of Applied Entomology - Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 126 (5), 238-243
Abstract: The effects of methanolic extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) and bakain (Melia azedarach) seeds on the oviposition behaviour and hatchability of eggs of Earias vittella were investigated under laboratory conditions. Treatments included 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10% concentrations of both extracts to compare with nimbecidine and untreated control. When able to choose, the adults preferred to lay a greater number of eggs on the untreated portion of the oviposition substrate (muslin) compared with the extract-treated portion. However, under no-choice conditions, higher concentrations of extracts caused proportionate reductions in the number of eggs laid. The extracts also manifested repellent activity by reducing the number of eggs laid even when the ovipositing females were not in direct contact with the extracts. Eggs laid on extract-treated oviposition substrate exhibited reduced hatching and marked adverse effects on hatching were noticed when the eggs were dipped in different concentrations of extracts. Adults fed on an extract-containing sucrose diet laid significantly fewer eggs with poor hatching. There was no egg laying when the moths were fed on a sucrose diet containing 6, 8 and 10% neem and 10% bakain extracts.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Earias vittella India