Journal of Applied Entomology - Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie (1999) 123, 401-405

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B.K. Agarwala and P. Bardhanroy (1999)
Numerical response of ladybird beetles (Col., Coccinellidae) to aphid prey (Hom., Aphididae) in a field bean in north-east India
Journal of Applied Entomology - Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 123 (7), 401-405
Abstract: Two predaceous species of Coccinellidae, Menochilus sexmaculatus and Coccinella transversalis, occurred abundantly in bean crops infested with the aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch in north-east India. The number of eggs and adults of the two coccinellids increased in response to the increase in the population of aphid prey. Reproductive numerical responses were found to be synchronous to prey density whereas aggregative numerical responses appeared asynchronous in the later part of the aphid cycle on beans. Menochilus sexmaculatus oviposited smaller clusters of eggs at lower density of aphids than C. transversalis which laid larger clusters and showed greater numerical response at higher densities of aphids. Within a species cluster the size of the eggs seems to be directly related to aphid density. The two coccinellid species of this study seem to be efficient predators of A. craccivora in terms of their reproductive and aggregative numerical responses.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
population dynamics/epizootiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aphis craccivora Beans (Phaseolus) India
Coccinella transversalis (predator) Aphis craccivora Beans (Phaseolus) India
Cheilomenes sexmaculata (predator) Aphis craccivora Beans (Phaseolus) India