Insects (2020) 11 (6 - 358)

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Houston Wilson, Jessica J. Maccaro and Kent M. Daane (2020)
Optimizing trap characteristics to monitor the leaffooted bug Leptoglossus zonatus (Heteroptera: Coreidae) in orchards
Insects 11 (6 - 358)
Abstract: The leaffooted bug, Leptoglossus zonatus (Heteroptera: Coreidae), has become a key pest of almonds, pistachios, and pomegranates in California. Adults and nymphs directly feed on nuts and fruits, which reduces crop yield and quality and can facilitate pathogen infections. Current monitoring strategies require growers to actively sample the tree canopy, with no economic thresholds being developed for this pest. To improve monitoring of L. zonatus, a three-year study was conducted to identify an optimal trap. A hanging cross-vane panel trap was identified as the best trap type in Year 1, and subsequent work in Years 1–3 focused on refining its use by modifying surface texture and color. Results indicated that coating trap surfaces with the lubricant fluon improved trap catching ability, and adults were most frequently recovered in yellow traps. A hanging cross-vane panel trap with these features could serve as the basis for the development of a new monitoring system for this pest in orchards, which could be improved further if semiochemical lures will be developed.
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Database assignments for author(s): Houston Wilson, Kent M. Daane

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
pheromones/attractants/traps
surveys/sampling/distribution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Leptoglossus zonatus Almond (Prunus dulcis) U.S.A. (SW)
Leptoglossus zonatus Pomegranate (Punica granatum) U.S.A. (SW)