HortTechnology (2020) 30, 168-175

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Liming Chen, Matthew Wallhead, Michael Reding, Leona Horst and Heping Zhu (2020)
Control of insect pests and diseases in an Ohio fruit farm with a laser-guided intelligent sprayer
in HortTechnology
HortTechnology 30 (2), 168-175
Abstract: Laser-guided variable-rate intelligent spray technology is designed to significantly reduce pesticide use with a positive impact on the environment. However, there have been no reports on applying this technology to commercial fruit farms. Comparative experiments of intelligent variable-rate and conventional constant-rate spray applications for pesticide use and pest control were conducted at a fruit farm in Ohio during two consecutive growing seasons. Apple (Malus pumila), peach (Prunus persica), blueberry (Vaccinium section Cyanococcus), and black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) were used for the tests. Pest severity of codling moth (Cydia pomonella), oriental fruit moth (Grapholitha molesta), scab (Venturia inaequalis), and powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha) in apple; oriental fruit moth, brown rot (Monilinia fructicola), and powdery mildew (Podosphaera pannosa) in peach; spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii), mummy berry (Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi), and phomopsis (Phomopsis vaccinii) in blueberry; and anthracnose (Elsinoe veneta) in black raspberry were assessed. There was equal severity of pests between intelligent and conventional spray applications, whereas the intelligent spray reduced pesticide use by 58.7%, 30.6%, 47.9%, and 52.5% on average for apple, peach, blueberry, and black raspberry, respectively. These results illustrate that intelligent spray technology is more environmentally friendly than conventional standard spray technology and equally or more effective for control of insect and disease pests in fruit production.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website


Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Cydia pomonella Apple (Malus) U.S.A. (NE)
Grapholita molesta Apple (Malus) U.S.A. (NE)
Venturia inaequalis Apple (Malus) U.S.A. (NE)
Monilinia fructicola Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica) U.S.A. (NE)
Podosphaera pannosa Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica) U.S.A. (NE)
Diaporthe vaccinii Blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium) U.S.A. (NE)
Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi Blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium) U.S.A. (NE)
Elsinoë veneta Raspberry/blackberry (Rubus) U.S.A. (NE)
Drosophila suzukii Blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium) U.S.A. (NE)