Forests (2019) 10 (12 - 1158)

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Cristina Zamora-Ballesteros, Julio J. Diez, Jorge Martín-García, Johanna Witzell, Alejandro Solla, Rodrigo Ahumada, Paolo Capretti, Michelle Cleary, Rein Drenkhan, Milon Dvorák, Margarita Elvira-Recuenco, Mercedes Fernández-Fernández, uisa Ghelardini, Paolo Gonthier, Laura Hernández-Escribano, Renaud Ioos, Svetlana Markovskaja, Pablo Martínez-Alvarez, E. Jordán Muñoz-Adalia, Justyna Anna Nowakowska, Tomasz Oszako, Rosa Raposo, Alberto Santini and Jarkko Hantula (2019)
Pine pitch canker (PPC): Pathways of pathogen spread and preventive measures
Forests 10 (12 - 1158)
Abstract: Fusarium circinatum (Nirenberg and O' Donnell) is the causal agent of pine pitch canker (PPC) disease, one of the most devastating forest diseases worldwide. Long-distance spread occurs mainly through the movement of infected seeds whereas at regional level, the movement of seedlings, substrates, or containers may play an important role in fungal dispersal. Invasion of nurseries takes place via infected seeds and further spread can occur by planting contaminated seedlings, especially due to the possibility of infected plants remaining symptomless. Once established, F. circinatum spreads by rain, wind, and insects. The natural spread of the pathogen is limited due to the short dispersal distances of the spores and the fairly short flight distances of disseminating insects. In this review, we summarize the currently known dispersal pathways of the pathogen, discussing both natural and human-assisted processes. With the purpose of understanding how to best intervene in the disease's development in nurseries and forests, we outline the epidemiology of the pathogen describing the key factors influencing its spread. Preventive measures to control the spread of F. circinatum locally and globally are described with special emphasis on the challenges in implementing them.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Julio Diez, Jorge Martín-García, Alejandro Solla, Paolo Capretti, Michelle R. Cleary, Rein Drenkhan, Milon Dvorak, Paolo Gonthier, Renaud Ioos, Pablo Martinez-Alvarez, Rosa Raposo, Jarkko Hantula

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
transmission/dispersal of plant diseases
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) France Yes
Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) Italy Yes
Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) Portugal (continental)
Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) Spain (continental)