Fitopatologia Brasileira (2004) 29, 128-134

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Solange M. Bonaldo, Kátia R.F. Schwan-Estrada, José R. Stangarlin, Dauri J. Tessmann and Carlos A. Scapim (2004)
Fungitoxicidade, atividade elicitora de fitoalexinas e proteção de pepino contra Colletotrichum lagenarium, pelo extrato aquoso de Eucalyptus citriodora
[Fungitoxicity, phytoalexins elicitor activity and protection of cucumber against Colletotrichum lagenarium, by Eucalyptus citriodora aqueous extract]
Fitopatologia Brasileira 29 (2), 128-134
Abstract: Secondary compounds present in medicinal plants can play important roles in plant-pathogen interactions, through immediate antimicrobial action or by inducing a defence mechanism in other plants that may be treated with such compounds. With the objective of verifying the potential of Eucalyptus citriodora in the alternative control of anthracnose in cucumber (Cucumus sativus), aqueous extract (AE) of this forest essence, autoclaved or unautoclaved, in concentrations of 0,1, 1, 5, 10, 15, 20 e 25% was used in the following experiments: induction of phytoalexins in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) etiolated mesocotyls and soybean (Glycine max) cotyledons; fungitoxicity in vitro against Colletotrichum lagenarium conidia; local or systemic induction of resistance in cucumber plants. Water and Bion were used as control treatments. The results indicated that the autoclaved and unautoclaved AE induced phytoalexin synthesis in sorghum starting from the concentration of 1%. In soybean, gliceollin synthesis took place in 10% and 15% of the autoclaved and unautoclaved AEs, respectively. There was total inhibition in the spores germination and apressoria formation in concentrations of 20% and 1% of the autoclaved AE, respectively. As for the unautoclaved extract, there was 75% inhibition of the spores germination in 25% of AE and total inhibition in the apressoria formation in 15% of AE. Based on the parameter size of lesion, the unautoclaved aqueous extract of E. citriodora could potentially induce local resistance in cucumber against C. lagenarium.
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(original language: Portuguese)
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Database assignments for author(s): Dauri J. Tessmann

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Colletotrichum orbiculare Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)