European Journal of Plant Pathology (2013) 137, 11-16

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Nemanja Kuzmanovic, Milan Ivanovic, Andelka Prokic, Katarina Gasic, Nevena Blagojevic, Joanna Pulawska and Aleksa Obradovic (2013)
Identification and characterization of Agrobacterium spp. isolated from apricot in Serbia
European Journal of Plant Pathology 137 (1), 11-16
Abstract: Crown gall, caused by tumorigenic strains of Agrobacterium spp., is considered one of the most important diseases in stone fruit nurseries throughout the world. Since the crown gall disease has not been studied extensively in Serbia for more than 30 years, the objective of this study was to isolate, identify and characterize the bacterium associated with crown gall symptoms on one-year-old apricot trees. Samples were collected from a nursery in central Serbia and subjected to laboratory analysis. Bacteria were isolated from tumour tissue on yeast mannitol agar (YMA) and six gram-negative isolates were selected for further study. PCR assay using primers specific for virD2, virC, ipt and tms2 pathogenicity-associated plasmid genes revealed that isolates harbour Ti plasmids. All studied strains carrying Ti plasmids were classified as nopaline-type based on further molecular analysis. Using a multiplex PCR assay, targeting 23S rRNA gene sequences, and physiological and biochemical tests, five strains were assigned as A. rhizogenes/biovar 2 and the remaining one as A. tumefaciens/biovar 1. Identity of the strains was confirmed by sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. In pathogenicity assay, all six strains caused tumour formation on inoculated carrot root discs, young tomato and sunflower plants.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Joanna Pulawska, Aleksa Obradovic

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Serbia
Rhizobium rhizogenes Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Serbia