European Journal of Plant Pathology (2009) 124, 369-378

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M. Bogale, E.T. Steenkamp, M.J. Wingfield and B.D. Wingfield (2009)
Diverse Fusarium solani isolates colonise agricultural environments in Ethiopia
European Journal of Plant Pathology 124 (3), 369-378
Abstract: Fusarium solani is a fungal pathogen that infects many different genera of plants. It represents one of the two Fusarium spp. commonly isolated from agricultural soils and plant tissues in Ethiopia. To determine the diversity of F. solani in Ethiopia, we studied 43 isolates using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) and nucleotide sequences of the Translation Elongation Factor 1alpha (TEF-1alpha) and ß-tubulin genes. TEF-1alpha sequences from GenBank, representing previously described species and clades of the F. solani-Haematonectria haematococca complex, were also included for comparative purposes. Phylogenetic analyses of the TEF-1alpha data separated the isolates into three groups corresponding with the three previously described clades (Clades 1-3) for this fungus. The Ethiopian isolates aggregated into one group corresponding to Clade 3. TEF-1alpha, ß-tubulin and AFLPs further separated the Ethiopian isolates into a number of clusters and apparently novel phylogenetic lineages. Although the biological and ecological significance of these lineages and clusters is unclear, our data show that the Ethiopian agricultural environment is rich in species and lineages of the F. solani-H. haematococca complex.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Mesfin Bogale, Michael J. Wingfield, Brenda D. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Neocosmospora solani Ethiopia