European Journal of Plant Pathology (2002) 108, 51-62

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Willem A. Man in 't Veld, Arthur W.A.M. de Cock, Elena Ilieva and C. André Lévesque (2002)
Gene flow analysis of Phytophthora porri reveals a new species: Phytophthora brassicae sp. nov.
European Journal of Plant Pathology 108 (1), 51-62
Abstract: Isozyme analysis and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS-1 and ITS-2) and the 5.8S subunit of the ribosomal DNA gene repeat were used to examine whether isolates of Phytophthora porri from Allium and Brassica represent a single homogeneous species. Twenty-six strains of P. porri, 16 strains isolated from the genus Allium, and 10 strains isolated from the genus Brassica, were analyzed using malate dehydrogenase (MDH), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), represented altogether by four putative loci (Mdh-2, Idh-1, Idh-2, and Ldh-2). Isozyme analysis revealed that strains isolated from Allium contained five private alleles at three isozyme loci (Ldh-283, Ldh-2104, Idh-1108, Idh-1112, and Idh-298), whereas six different alleles were observed at four isozyme loci (Ldh-285, Ldh-2100, Ldh-2114, Idh-1100, Idh-2100, and Mdh-2111) in strains obtained from Brassica. The heterozygosity at the Ldh-2 locus, differing in allele composition, however, between strains from Allium and Brassica, was present in all strains, indicating that it is probably fixed. Sequence analysis of the ITS regions and the 5.8S subunit showed consistent differences between isolates from Allium and isolates from Brassica. Based on isozyme data, ITS sequence analysis and formerly published differences in restriction enzyme patterns of mitochondrial DNA, morphology and pathogenicity, it was concluded that the isolates of P. porri Foister did not represent a homogeneous species. Isolates from Brassica constitute a distinct species which is described here as P. brassicae sp. nov. It was inferred from isozyme patterns, which were in no case intermediate between the two species, that P. porri and P. brassicae do not hybridize and are reproductively isolated by barriers to gene flow.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Willem A. Man in 't Veld, Arthur W.A.M. De Cock, C. André Lévesque

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Phytophthora brassicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Phytophthora brassicae Brassica - other species
Phytophthora porri Onion/garlic/leek (Allium)