Euphytica (2007) 154, 83-90

From Pestinfo-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Oliver G.G. Knox, Vadakattu V.S.R. Gupta, David B. Nehl and Warwick N. Stiller (2007)
Constitutive expression of Cry proteins in roots and border cells of transgenic cotton
Euphytica 154 (1-2), 83-90
Abstract: Transgenic cotton plants expressing Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab, from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), provide effective control of certain lepidopteran pests, however, little is known about the proteins below ground expression. We used ELISA to quantify in vitro expression of the Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab proteins in mucilage, root border cells and root tips in five transgenic cultivars of cotton compared to conventional cultivar Sicot 189. Expression of Cry proteins in roots and border cells of the transgenic cotton cultivars was constitutive and at detectable levels, with Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab protein expression ranging from <20 ppb to >100 pbb. To determine if genetically modified cotton demonstrated simple differences in properties of the root, when compared to an elite parental line (cv. Sicot 189), we enumerated border cells on seedling radicles. Border cell counts of 14 cultivars ranged from 0.2 to 1.1 × 104 cells per root tip with an average of 5 × 103 border cells. Border cell production in the transgenic cultivars was generally similar to that of both donor and elite parents, the exception being the cultivar Sicot 189, which had substantially more border cells than all of its transgenic derivatives. Comparison of border cell number with varietal disease resistance ranking found a limited relationship (r 2 = 0.65, n = 7) between border cell numbers and the commercial resistance rank against Fusarium wilt of cotton. The implications of differences in cotton cultivar border cell number and root tip expression of Cry proteins for plant-microbe interactions in the rhizosphere and the soil ecosystem are yet to be resolved.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Oliver G.G. Knox, David B. Nehl

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Verticillium dahliae Cotton (Gossypium)
Fusarium gossypinum Cotton (Gossypium)
Bacillus thuringiensis genes in crops (entomopathogen)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A-toxin (entomopathogen)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2A-toxin (entomopathogen)