Epicoccum (anamorphic genus)

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Epicoccum nigrum spores (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Gerald Holmes, Valent USA Corporation
Source: IPM Images

Epicoccum Link, 1815

The genus contains a few species of endophytes and plant pathogens which cause diseases on various crops. It is closely related to the genus Phoma.

The asexual fruiting structures (conidiomata) are approximately spherical and 50 to 250 μm in diameter. The mature conidia are thin-walled, smooth, always aseptate and may be brownish. They measure 3-8.5 x 1.5-4 µm. The chlamydospores are unicellular or multicellular and usually spherical and around 10 mm in diameter.

Type species: Epicoccum nigrum

For forms antagonistic to plant diseases see Epicoccum (antagonists).

For a taxonomic review of the genus see Aveskamp et al., 2010.


Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: