Environmental Microbiology (2018) 20, 1452-1463

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Xiaoguo Zhu, Min Jiao, Jia Guo, Peng Liu, Chenglong Tan, Qian Yang, Yang Zhang, Ralf Thomas Voegele, Zhensheng Kang and Jun Guo (2018)
A novel MADS-box transcription factor PstMCM1-1 is responsible for full virulence of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici
Environmental Microbiology 20 (4), 1452-1463
Abstract: In many eukaryotes, transcription factor MCM1 gene plays crucial roles in regulating mating processes and pathogenesis by interacting with other co-factors. However, little is known about the role of MCM1 in rust fungi. Here, we identified two MCM1 orthologs, PstMCM1-1 and PstMCM1-2, in the stripe rust pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). Sequence analysis indicated that both PstMCM1-1 and PstMCM1-2 contain conserved MADS domains and that PstMCM1-1 belongs to a group of SRF-like proteins that are evolutionarily specific to rust fungi. Yeast two-hybrid assays indicated that PstMCM1-1 interacts with transcription factors PstSTE12 and PstbE1. PstMCM1-1 was found to be highly induced during early infection stages in wheat and during pycniospore formation on the alternate host barberry (Berberis shensiana). PstMCM1-1 could complement the lethal phenotype and mating defects in a mcm1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In addition, it partially complemented the defects in appressorium formation and plant infection in a Magnaporthe oryzae Momcm1 mutant. Knock down of PstMCM1-1 resulted in a significant reduction of hyphal extension and haustorium formation and the virulence of Pst on wheat. Our results suggest that PstMCM1-1 plays important roles in the regulation of mating and pathogenesis of Pst most likely by interacting with co-factors.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Zhen Sheng Kang, Ralf T. Voegele

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Puccinia striiformis Wheat (Triticum)