Environmental Entomology (2011) 40, 844-854

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Georg Goergen, Jean-François Vayssières, Désiré Gnanvossou and Maurice Tindo (2011)
Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa
Environmental Entomology 40 (4), 844-854
Abstract: In 2003, the invasive fruit fly Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta and White (Diptera: Tephritidae) (Drew et al. 2005), of possible Sri Lankan origin, has been detected in the East and about 1 yr later in West Africa. In regular surveys in Benin and Cameroon covering 4 yr, samples from 117 plant species across 43 families have been obtained. Incubation of field-collected fruits demonstrate that in West and Central Africa (WCA) B. invadens is highly polyphagous, infesting wild and cultivated fruits of at least 46 species from 23 plant families with guava (Psidium spp.), mango (Mangifera spp.), and citrus (spp.), and the wild hosts tropical almond (Terminalia catappa L.), African wild mango (Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte) Baill.), and sheanut (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn.) showing the highest infestation index. B. invadens occurs in 22 countries of WCA with new records for Angola, Central African Republic, the Congo, DR Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Sierra Leone. Overall, the pest has spread across a North-South distance of ≈5,000 km representing a contiguous area of >8.3 million km2 within WCA. B. invadens has adapted to a wide range of ecological and climatic conditions extending from low land rainforest to dry savanna. Because of its highly destructive and invasive potential, B. invadens poses a serious threat to horticulture in Africa if left uncontrolled. Moreover, the presence of this quarantine pest causes considerable restrictions on international trade of affected crops.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Georg Goergen, Maurice Tindo

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Bactrocera dorsalis Benin
Bactrocera dorsalis Cameroon
Bactrocera dorsalis Central African Republic
Bactrocera dorsalis Congo-Republic
Bactrocera dorsalis Congo-Democratic Republic
Bactrocera dorsalis Equatorial Guinea
Bactrocera dorsalis Gabon
Bactrocera dorsalis Gambia
Bactrocera dorsalis Guinea-Bissau
Bactrocera dorsalis Mali
Bactrocera dorsalis Mauritania
Bactrocera dorsalis Niger
Bactrocera dorsalis Sierra Leone
Bactrocera dorsalis Angola
Bactrocera dorsalis Citrus (genus)
Bactrocera dorsalis Guava (Psidium)
Bactrocera dorsalis Mango (Mangifera indica)
Bactrocera dorsalis Terminalia (genus)