Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2017) 165, 148-158

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Xiaobin Shi, Huipeng Pan, Wen Xie, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Gong Chen, Lixia Tian, Xuguo Zhou, Yong Liu and Youjun Zhang (2017)
Different effects of exogenous jasmonic acid on preference and performance of viruliferous Bemisia tabaci B and Q
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 165 (2-3), 148-158
Abstract: The sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), B and Q biotypes have caused severe losses to crops and vegetables through virus transmission. Our previous studies showed that Q is more efficient than B in acquisition and transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) and viruliferous Q is better equipped than B in counterattacking jasmonic acid (JA)-related plant defense. To understand how plant-mediated defensive responses involving JA affect insect vectors within a tritrophic framework of plants, insects, and viruses, we examined the effects of exogenous JA on preference and performance of non-viruliferous and viruliferous B and Q on tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanaceae). Our results demonstrated a significantly lower fecundity, shorter longevity, shorter developmental time, and lower survival rate of whiteflies on JA-treated than on control plants. In addition, viruliferous Q performed significantly better than B in fecundity, longevity, developmental time, and survival rate. When given a choice between JA-treated and control tomato plants, viruliferous Q was not repelled to JA-treated plants when the JA concentration was 0.01 and 0.1 mm, whereas others all preferred the untreated control plants. Exogenous JA increased the concentration and the composition of plant volatiles, such as α-terpinene and β-ocimene, which deterred whiteflies in a Y-tube bioassay. It is worth noting that Q has a mutualistic relationship with TYLCV to counteract the host defenses. A better understanding of tritrophic interactions between plants, insects, and viruses will facilitate the development of sustainable management of this invasive global pest.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Qing Jun Wu, Shaoli Wang

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
transmission/dispersal of plant diseases

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Bemisia tabaci biotype MED Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)