Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2015) 157, 181-187

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William W. Hoback, Bueno Adeney de Freitas, Carlos A. Martinez, Leon G. Higley and Odair A. Fernandes (2015)
Photosynthetic responses of potato to Colorado potato beetle injury and differences in injury between adult males and females
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 157 (2), 181-187
Abstract: Establishing rates of injury to plants and the physiological impact of this injury provides essential data in the development of economic injury levels, but variation of sex effects is not often considered. Here, we examined injury by the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), larvae and adult males and females on potato, Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae). Specifically, we looked for adult sex differences between males and females in injury rates (= leaf consumption rates), and examined the impact of all types of injury (larval, adult male, and adult female) on gas exchange parameters of remaining potato leaf tissue. Experiments were conducted in the field and in growth chambers on Frito-Lay proprietary and Pike chipping-potato varieties at pre-blooming and blooming stages. We found no change in photosynthetic rates on remaining (uninjured) leaf tissue infested with male, female, or fourth-stage larva of Colorado potato beetle. However, when the midrib was cut in trials with male beetles, the remaining tissue above the injury exhibited photosynthetic rate reductions as a result of stomatal limitations. These findings are consistent with the pattern that we and other researchers have observed with gross tissue removal by various insects on other plant species. Adult females consumed more tissue than males, and temperature was positively correlated with feeding rates for both sexes. Sex-related differences in feeding rate are most important to studies quantifying consumption rates for economically important species because of its potential impact on resulting economic injury level calculations.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): W. Wyatt Hoback

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Leptinotarsa decemlineata Potato (Solanum tuberosum)