Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2007) 123, 129-137

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Arnaud Ameline, Aude Couty, Sébastien Dugravot, Erick Campan, Françoise Dubois and Philippe Giordanengo (2007)
Immediate alteration of Macrosiphum euphorbiae host plant-selection behaviour after biotic and abiotic damage inflicted to potato plants
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123 (2), 129-137
Abstract: The effects of potato [Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae)] plant damage on the host plant-selection behaviour of the potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae Thomas (Homoptera: Aphididae), were studied. The damage inflicted to the plant was only of short duration and observations on aphid behaviour were made immediately following plant damage. The underlying questions of the study were to know how much time it takes for plant defence mechanisms to be activated and if this activation had noticeable repercussions on aphid behaviour. We considered stresses of various natures: biotic (pre-infestation by conspecifics or by Colorado potato beetles) and abiotic (scissor cuts). Aphid responses to host plant semiochemicals were investigated using a darkened arena bioassay and the probing behaviour was assessed using the electrical penetration graph technique. Aphids were attracted to their host plant (undamaged or damaged). In a preference test (undamaged plant vs. damaged plant), plants previously infested by conspecifics were preferred to undamaged plants, but this preference was not observed for heterospecific and abiotic damage. However, aphid probing behaviour was not modified on plants previously infested by conspecifics, whereas some changes were observed subsequently to heterospecific and abiotic damages. Our data present evidence that plants can respond to biotic and abiotic stresses soon after the damage is inflicted and when the damage is of short duration. The diverse consequences of these various local plant responses on M. euphorbiae behaviour are discussed in the context of plant defence strategies against aphid colonization.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Arnaud Ameline, Aude Couty, Philippe Giordanengo

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Macrosiphum euphorbiae Potato (Solanum tuberosum)