Elsinoë (genus)

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symptoms of infections by Elsinoë species on - A) Anacardium sp., B) Melia azedarach, C) Lobelia fistulosa, D) Alternanthera phyloxeroides, E) Hovenia sp. (click on image to enlarge it)
Author: X.L. Fan, R.W. Barreto, J.Z. Groenewald, J.D.P. Bezerra, O.L. Pereira, R. Cheewangkoon, L. Mostert, C.M. Tian and P.W. Crous
Source: Studies in Mycology (2017), vol. 87 p. 2

Elsinoë Racib. 1900

The members of the genus Elsinoë are specialized plant pathogens which cause scab and spot anthracnose. Scab diseases are characterized by wart-like, necrotic lesions, containing fruiting bodies (pseudoascostromata). Some species are agriculturally important like Elsinoë fawcettii and Elsinoë australis which cause citrus scab.

The pseudoascostromata have scattered locules, each containing 3-8 asci. Each ascus forms 8 ascospores which are oblong or fusiform with slightly acute ends and 2–3 transverse septa. The anamorphic forms of Elsinoë have previously been described under the genus Sphaceloma.

Type species: Elsinoë canavaliae

For a taxonomic review of the genus see Fan et al. (2017).

Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: