Ecological Entomology (2010) 35, 698-703
Véronique Martel, Josée Doyon and Guy Boivin (2010)
Partial local mate competition in the wasp Trichogramma euproctidis: the role of emergence sex ratio on female mating behaviour
Ecological Entomology 35 (6), 698-703
Abstract: 1. Parasitic wasps with structured populations are generally assumed to follow the local mate competition (LMC) model: females lay only the minimal number of sons necessary to inseminate all daughters in the emergence patch, and increase this number when faced with additional broods from unrelated females. After emergence, daughters mate with local males before dispersing for host location and oviposition. The main predictions from the model have been verified for many species.
2. Conflicting evidence exists on the status of the egg parasitoids Trichogramma regarding their on-patch versus off-patch mating. Although the life-history traits of several species indicate that mating must occur on the emergence patch, recent data suggest that mating could occur outside the natal patch.
3. In this study, we measured the level of off-patch mating in the egg parasitoid Trichogramma euproctidis using two isofemale lines in a greenhouse experiment. The impact of the sex ratio on the level of off-patch mating was also tested.
4. The overall off-patch mating proportion was 40.5% with a range between 0 and 85.7%, and was influenced by the sex ratio on the emergence patch: the more males available at emergence, the less off-patch mating occurring.
5. The mating structure of this species can be described as partial LMC.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Guy Boivin, Josée Doyon
Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
Pest and/or beneficial records:
|Trichogramma euproctidis (parasitoid)|