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Diplodia sapinea (Fr.) (Fr.) Fuckel 1870
The fungus has a world-wide distribution wherever pines are grown. It is an endophyte of conifers, causing shoot blight and canker. It is also a wood-staining fungus and was introduced into South Africa, where it is the most important pathogen of conifers. The fungus spreads through seeds and wood or by the dispersal of conidia with rain splashes.
The species is often referred to as Diplodia pinea, which, however, has smaller conidia, 25–32 × 12–15 μm. The conidia of this species measure on average 33–39 × 12–13 μm.