Apate terebrans

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Apate terebrans head of male (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Ken Walker, Museum Victoria
Source: PaDIL

Apate terebrans (Pallas, 1772) - (cashew wood borer)

This beetle is a polyphagous wood borer in Africa and other regions. For example, it causes serious damage to cashew trees in West Africa. The larvae also develop in a variety of timber trees where they bore tunnels lowering the commercial value of the wood. The adults feed on living trees and may cause the death of seedlings. The life cycle usually lasts 1 to 3 years. The main host plants are cashew (Anacardium occidentale), various Acacia species, citrus species, coffee (Coffea arabica, Coffea robusta), Eucalyptus polycarpa, Khaya species, guava (Psidium guajava), Tectona grandis, Terminalia ivorensis, cacao (Theobroma cacao) and Triplochiton scleroxylon.

The adults can reach a length of 20–32 millimetres. The body is black or dark brown, elongated and somewhat cylindrical. The head is bent downwards and scarcely visible from above. The pronotum has rasp-like teeth in front, the elytra have 2-3 prominent ridges and the legs have razor-sharp claws.

Publications covering Apate terebrans

African Entomology (2017) 25, 24-36
C. Agboton, A. Onzo, S. Korie, M. Tamò and S. Vidal (2017)
Spatial and temporal infestation rates of Apate terebrans (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in cashew orchards in Benin, West Africa

Neotropical Entomology (2009) 38, 437-439
Rodolfo M. de Souza, Norivaldo dos Anjos and Sheila A. Mourão (2009)
Apate terebrans (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) atacando árvores de nim no Brasil
[Apate terebrans (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) attacking neem trees in Brazil]