Canadian Journal of Forest Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestière (2015) 45, 227-235

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S. Keriö, S.M. Niemi, M. Haapanen, G. Daniel and F.O. Asiegbu (2015)
Infection of Picea abies clones with a homokaryotic isolate of Heterobasidion parviporum under field conditions
Canadian Journal of Forest Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestière 45 (3), 227-235
Abstract: Heterobasidion parviporum Niemelä and Korhonen is responsible for the majority of decay in conifers in northern Europe, which causes severe economic losses. In nature, heterokaryotic isolates of H. parviporum cause infection in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). However, little is known on whether homokaryons of H. parviporum can infect trees under field conditions. In this study, 40-year-old clonal Norway spruce stems and roots were inoculated with a homokaryotic isolate of H. parviporum under field conditions. After four months, the infection frequency and necrotic lesion lengths were recorded. The homokaryon caused infection and provoked the development of necrotic lesions. Necrotic lesions were larger in roots than in stems. Among the studied Norway spruce genotypes, a Russian clone had the smallest necrotic lesions, whereas a Finnish clone developed the largest necrotic lesions. Clones with higher growth rates were more sensitive to fungal infection and wound damage. Under microscopic observation, H. parviporum grew adpressed to lumen cell walls, colonized tracheids next to rays, and induced lignification in cell walls close to the point of inoculation. This study provides a starting point for further studies on the ability of homokaryons to cause infection under field conditions and for discussions on factors affecting the resistance of Norway spruce against H. parviporum.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Frederick O. Asiegbu

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Heterobasidion parviporum Spruce (Picea)